About Bungamati

Bungamati, Newar Bunga, lies in Karyabinayak Municipality in Lalitpur District, Nepal. Bungamati is a Newar village on a spur of land overlooking the Bagmati River.

The first stele of the Licchavi king Amshuverma was found in Bungamati and dated to 605. It contains the earliest mention of the Kailashkut Bhawan palace.

See Bungamati on the map below:

The peculiar thing that Bungamati hold is that it is a traditional Newari village – a place where not much has changed over the last couple of centuries.

Newars who live here live rural lives, following in the steps of their fathers and forefathers which lived long before them. The Bungamati Newari enjoy an incredibly rich culture which extends over the fields of language, writing, art, architecture and even trans-Himalayan commerce. The people who live here have been practicing their skill or trade, which has been passed down for generations, for most of their lives and they always greet you with a smile.


Bungamati is the birthplace of Rato Machhendranath, regarded as the patron of the valley, and the large shikhara – style temple in the centre of the village square is his home for six months of the year. He spends the rest of his time in Patan. The process of moving him around Patan and backwards and forwards to Bungamati is central to one of the most important annual festivals in the valley.



Bungamati faced the full force of the 2015 earthquake. Many buildings and temples collapsed as the valley shook and the scars of the disaster will be a long time healing.  The death toll, from a population of around 1,000 in the inner village, is 27, with twice as many wounded. Dozens more left their damaged homes fearing that the structure would collapse.


Bungamati consists of many houses which are made with rich Newari Architecture. Some of the houses are centuries old, it was evident most of the houses would collapse with rather ease.

This historic village is the birthplace of Rato Machhendranath, the patron god of Patan, but the enormous shikhara temple that used to house the deity in the main square in Bungamati was shaken to rubble in the earthquake. The sacred idol of Rato Machendranath was recovered from the wreckage.



Many local people along with many volunteer started the reconstruction process.

On January PM inaugurated the reconstruction drive in one of the most ancient settlements of the country — Bungamati of Karyabinayak Municipality, Lalitpur. The historic area was one of the most affected in the Valley during the quakes.

During the programme, it was announced that the Sri Lankan government will chip in with required resources for the reconstruction of Rato Machhendranath temple in Bungamatiwas damaged during the quakes. The reconstruction map of Bungamati was also unveiled during the ceremony.



Architecture San frontiers who aims to share technical and scientific expertise to the communities for the improvement of the quality of their lives will be taking an initiative to help communities in Bungamati area to rebuild their homes as well as their community. This programme will help to intersect between local needs, the historical continuity of architecture, and the introduction of thoughts and concepts that will make Bungamati rise once again without losing touch with its history. The initiative will run with the help of International experts who are working as an engineer in ASF Nepal. This programme will aim to provide reconstruction of first few houses which will be professionally designed by ASF. The design aspires to focus on the traditional ariitecure. The work shop will be reaching out to all the people in Bungamati community people with an intension to build up low-cost, quick-to- construct and traditional Modular homes

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